Mistake #5: Promoting a lot of affiliate products instead of just a few. Once you start affiliate marketing, you realize how easy it is to share affiliate links. Instead of becoming an affiliate for a lot of different products and sharing them liberally, I recommend concentrating on just a few and sharing them intentionally. It doesn’t seem as spammy, plus you can be sure the products you do promote are closely aligned with your brand and message. Deep is better than wide.
Always make affiliate links nofollow. Google’s goal is to provide its users with the best possible search results to their search queries. One of the main ways they figure out which webpages are the best is through links. The Google bots crawl the web, reading text. When they come to a link, it’s like an open door. They follow the link (walk through the door) and explore the site you linked to.

If your audience is looking to launch an online business, migrate their ecommerce platform, or simply interested in ecommerce content, we encourage you to apply for the BigCommerce affiliate program. Our team will carefully review your application. Once approved, you will receive access to support, tracking, reporting, payments, and have your own unique affiliate link to track every referral you generate. BigCommerce is committed to the success of our affiliate partners.
Recent corporate changes and folding 2Checkout into a larger company that is involved in payment processing and e-commerce means that the affiliate program can sometimes feel somewhat neglected. But the ability to generate custom coupon codes and the comprehensive knowledge base make 2Checkout a good option for experienced affiliates with an established user base. But if you’re just entering the affiliate field for the first time, 2Checkout might not be where you want to start.
For the best results, you need to have your own website that contains the product or keyword you are promoting. For each product brought from your site you will earn a handsome commission. Additionally, very many people are registering with eBay. You will get around 25 to 35 bucks for every person who registers from your site. For advertising, you can use different tools such as creative tabs that have colorful graphics interactive ads that you can place on your website or blog you attract visitors to come to eBay pages.
Very nice article! Affiliate marketing is perfect for bloggers as long as they offer quality content and are upfront about it. If people are willing to donate money to YouTubers via Patreon, why wouldn’t they buy something that they want or need through the site or blog of someone that offers them great content and support his or her efforts? It’s a win – win kind of deal.
The problem with affiliate marketing, like many other home business options, are the so-called gurus and get-rich-quick programs that suggest affiliate marketing can be done fast and with little effort. Odds are you've read claims of affiliate marketing programs that say you can make hundreds of thousands of dollars a month doing almost nothing ("Three clicks to rich!"). Or, they suggest you can set up your affiliate site, and then forget it, except to check your bank deposits.

We live in a visual world. People happily respond and react to photos, videos, GIFs, and graphics. By incorporating quality videos into your marketing, you’ll be creating content that will grab people’s attention. We’ll help you tell your businesses story in a way that make you stand out of the crowd, working with you, to come up with creative content that will drive people to your business and help you explain why you do what you do.

Forms of new media have also diversified how companies, brands, and ad networks serve ads to visitors. For instance, YouTube allows video-makers to embed advertisements through Google's affiliate network.[18][19] New developments have made it more difficult for unscrupulous affiliates to make money. Emerging black sheep are detected and made known to the affiliate marketing community with much greater speed and efficiency.[citation needed]
Web design grows stale, quickly. Update your website with a fresh, new look. We want to help you develop a website that positively enhances your online marketing efforts. That’s why we keep up with the latest trends, making sure you get the site that will work for your business while ensuring your customers can view it on whatever device they’re using with mobile responsive design.
Although it has a dynamic and well-designed website, PeerFly has a limited range of offers at any given time (around 8,000). On the upside, it does offer good commission/payout rates, lots of FAQs and educational information, and regular contests and reward programs that can substantially increase your bottom line. Based on online customer reviews, Peerfly enjoys a very high reputation amongst participating affiliates.
Know when (and when not) to use Viglinks and Skimlinks. If you applied to an affiliate program but were denied, you might be able to still be an affiliate for that advertiser through a secondary affiliate program like VigLink or Skimlinks. Basically, they themselves are affiliates and will split their affiliate commission with you if you put their affiliate link in your content for an advertiser. Obviously, the commission rate is lower for you in this case, so if you ever are accepted into the advertiser’s affiliate program directly, immediately switch from using VigLink / Skimlinks affiliate links to your own.

LinkConnector imposes a very rigorous and lengthy screening process, so you’ll need to prove that you have a high-quality website and established audience before being accepted. Despite its somewhat schizophrenic approach, LinkConnector does have some very happy long-term affiliates. And their “naked links” allow for direct connection to the merchant website without having to be rerouted via LinkConnector, which will give your website an SEO boost.


When we met Vovéo, we were facing rapidly changing industry factors and needed to establish clarity around our positioning. By studying our industry and our unique mission, they have not only helped us to align our marketing machine with our core goals, but they’ve also enabled us to transform our brand, our messaging – and to step up and be recognized as the industry leader that we are.– Patrick McGinn, Director, Marketing, Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute
Wow! Thank you for such a complete description of affiliate marketing. I just started casually blogging a few months ago and your post gives me a great view into just how much work is involved if I’m going to successfully monetize my blog. I just shared a short post titled “A Blogger’s Nightmare – 0 Active Users” commenting on having blog traffic…I definitely see that there’s a lot more involved! Thanks again.
For those new to this powerful online merchandising concept, affiliate programs work as intermediaries between the affiliate marketers who will sell products and services and the merchant who provides those products and services as well as the affiliates programs.  Merchants work with affiliates to help get their products or services to their consumers.
Affiliate marketing programs typically work by having the merchant handle all the logistics involved in selling products or services, processing customer orders and payments, and shipping merchandise—all while the affiliate sits back and collects a commission for each agreed-upon action completed by the visitors the affiliate sends to the merchant’s website via an affiliate link. As long as the affiliate has done her homework and chosen a trustworthy affiliate program, she needn’t worry about non-payment.
Don’t exhaust all the information about the product with your link. Offer enough information to your readers so they know what the link is, but I don’t recommend giving too much detail on your own site for a two reasons. First, product information, like price, often changes. If you mention the price on your site and someone clicks over and finds a different price, it’s confusing. Second, many times, the product details and features are better explained by the makers of the product. It’s best to stick to your own experience on your site.

If you get THAT clear and believe in some product, go ahead. Your audience trusts your word. But most folks need to use or experience before they can get clear, because they have a fear: the fear of using trust. I am slowly losing that fear but still use what I promote, before I promote it. I also just sell my stuff mainly. Since I have quite a few products and eBooks and services to sell.

Established in 1997, FOREX CLUB (the company) is the brand name for a group of companies that provides clients from over 120 countries with platforms and services for trading forex, CFDs and other online trading and educational products. We offer every client effective tools in training, analytics and education, as well as personal support where they want it. FOREX CLUB has over 650 employees worldwide.  In 2011 alone, over 45,000 traders chose to learn forex trading with us.  FOREX CLUB was one of the industry’s first to offer zero spread trading and commission refunds on all unprofitable trades.


The implementation of affiliate marketing on the internet relies heavily on various techniques built into the design of many web-pages and websites, and the use of calls to external domains to track user actions (click tracking, Ad Sense) and to serve up content (advertising) to the user. Most of this activity adds time[citation needed] and is generally a nuisance to the casual web-surfer and is seen as visual clutter.[citation needed] Various countermeasures have evolved over time to prevent or eliminate the appearance of advertising when a web-page is rendered. Third party programs (Ad-Aware, Adblock Plus, Spybot, pop-up blockers, etc.) and particularly, the use of a comprehensive HOSTS file can effectively eliminate the visual clutter and the extra time and bandwidth needed to render many web pages. The use of specific entries in the HOSTS file to block these well-known and persistent marketing and click-tracking domains can also aid in reducing a system's exposure to malware by preventing the content of infected advertising or tracking servers to reach a user's web-browser.[citation needed]
To talk about best affiliate programs my friend, I just started an Instagram page and testing the waters to see how effective it is long term. I did use IG mildly in the past to promote an affiliate program and made “some money.” But back then, I wasn’t really laser focused on “Instagram marketing for business.” Now that I’m changing my way of thinking and exploring new avenues for cost free promotion of affiliate programs and content, I’m striving to leverage Instagram and some platforms to realize my affiliate commission potential. Thanks again for a thought provoking post on “recurring affiliate commissions.”

Adidas has the power to change lives through sport. Since 1949 they have created new athletic footwear, sport-centric fashion and accessories designed to help people harness the power of sport in their life. Adidas is particular about who they collaborate with. They look for those who display their shared passion and are creators of the new, within their affiliate program.


Bobbi Brown is the internationally-renowned beauty expert who believes that makeup is a way for a woman to look and feel like herself, only prettier and more confident. Their brand sets the trend in wearable, skin-tone-correct makeup for all women. Bobbi Brown offers a clean, fresh and modern approach to personalized beauty with a broad collection of prestige products ranging from color cosmetics to skincare to professional artistry tools.
Focusing on relevant products makes it easier to make quality referrals because there’s a nice overlap between your audience and the product you’re promoting. If you’re a fitness blogger, for example, it wouldn’t exactly fit in with the rest of your content if you started promoting video games and electronics that aren’t applicable to your niche. Instead, you might find a company whose products focus on protein powders, vitamins, workout equipment, etc.
MaxBounty works exclusively with digital products, usually about giving one’s email or signing up for a newsletter. MaxBounty has CPA, Pay-per-call, and CPL campaigns that you can choose from. MaxBounty is involved in a large number of verticals, including market research, real estate, social games, finance, dating, and diet, but is primarily designed for marketers seeking to acquire new leads.
That might be why many people liken marketing anything as an affiliate to more like waging a war than living on easy street. The truth is that it isn't easy by any measure. It takes time. And you can't buy into all the hype. However, by keeping a few principles and steps in mind, you too can dominate in the world of affiliate marketing and earn money while you sleep. The trick? Stay persistent and don't give up.
IVY was established in 1990 with a basic premise to offer professional, ethical and highly creative marketing, advertising and public relations services. We have successfully maintained our core values and have been part of many amazing projects, client growth and changes in the world of marketing that continue to happen at lightening speed. Most of our clients serve older adults in some capacity so we keep abreast of the opportunities and challenges they face.   Each day, we keep it real and fun and consistently deliver positive results to our clients and their markets.

Great article..thanks for sharing…but i need your advice..if you dont mind..i run site with amazon affiliate and can i run this site with other affiliate network like wayfair or CJ in same time, like one product review article with 2 option purchase place, amazon and wayfair. Or doing like that make my site banned from Amazon or other affiliate network. Please give me your advice for that problem because i read in Amazon User Aggrement,i not find about use other affiliate in same site…thanks for your advice
By quite a large margin Amazon has the largest affiliate marketing program out there, with products from more than 1.5 million sellers. Amazon has the most easy-to-use technology of all the affiliate programs I will be reviewing today. Beginners to affiliate marketing with even the most limited technical expertise will have no problems in getting up and running with the Amazon associates program, while more experienced marketers can create custom tools and websites with the APIs and advanced implementations available to them. The great thing about Amazon is that anything from kids toys to laptops can generate sales if they are purchased through any Amazon affiliate link.

JVZoo lets you both host and create landing pages on their own website, so it’s far better suited for professional marketers who want to flood the internet with offers, many of them for courses to make money. You don’t need your own website to participate in JVZoo, but you will need to know how to drive traffic to a landing or squeeze page in order to profit from being a JVZoo affiliate.
JVZoo was founded in 2011 and has since rocketed to near the top as one of the most popular affiliate programs out there. JVZoo is unusual in that there are no upfront costs for either publishers or merchants (advertisers). JVZoo’s income is exclusively from charging fees (to both the merchant and the affiliate) after a sale has been made. It is also unusual in that it pays commissions “instantly” via PayPal rather than once a week/fortnight/month like other affiliate programs.
Affiliate marketing is an ideal solution for those looking to gain control of their own income by focusing on performance-based revenue options. Working in tandem with a seller, a motivated affiliate marketer will be able to achieve a passive income from the comfort of their home without worrying about producing their own product or service. Although the success of the job does depend on the affiliate’s marketing skills, it can prove to be an effective way to meet your income goals as either a primary career or a profitable second job.
Cramer-Krasselt, New York, New York • HCK2 Partners, Dallas, Texas • Marshall Fenn Communications, Toronto, Ontario, Canada • Marketing Results, Las Vegas, Nevada • The Dealey Group, Dallas, Texas • Tait Subler, Minneapolis, Minnesota • Targetbase, Irving, Texas • Dimension Group, Dallas, Texas • Turnkey Construction, Dallas, Texas • Creative Memories, St. Cloud, Minnesota • Danco (NCH), Irving, Texas • Dr Pepper Snapple Group, Plano, Texas • Frito-Lay, Plano, Texas • Gatorade, Chicago, Illinois • Golden County Foods, Plover, Wisconsin • Jack Black, Carrollton, Texas • Jarden Corporation, Boca Raton, Florida • Nike, Beaverton, Oregon • Nokia Mobile Phones, Irving, Texas • Quaker Oats, Chicago, Illinois • QuikTrip Corporation, Tulsa, Oklahoma • SkinCeuticals, Garland, Texas • Tropicana, Chicago, Illinois • Kaplan University, Chicago, Illinois • Texas Christian University, Fort Worth, Texas • Gladney Center for Adoption, Fort Worth, Texas • Credit Union of Texas, Dallas, Texas • Kroger Personal Finance, Cincinnati, Ohio • Lovelace Health Plan, Albuquerque, New Mexico • Millenium Bank, Dallas, Texas • American Casino & Entertainment, Las Vegas, Nevada • Argosy Sioux City, Sioux City, Iowa • Boyd Gaming, Las Vegas, Nevada • Caesars Entertainment, Las Vegas, Nevada • Casino New Brunswick, Moncton, New Brunswick, Canada • Casino Rama, Orillia, Ontario, Canada • Hollywood Casino at Penn National Race Course, Grantville, Pennsylvania • Hollywood Casino Baton Rouge, Baton Rouge, Louisiana • Hollywood Casino Joliet, Joliet, Illinois • Hollywood Casino Tunica, Tunica, Mississippi • Parx Casino, Bensalem, Pennsylvania • Penn National Gaming, Wyomissing, Pennsylvania • Tachi Palace Hotel & Casino, Lemoore, California • AdvoCare, Carrollton, Texas • Baylor � Tom Landry Fitness Center, Dallas, Texas • Caron Treatment Centers, New York, New York • First Fitness, Carrollton, Texas • Arlington Memorial Hospital, Arlington, Texas • Baylor All Saints Medical Center at Ft. Worth, Ft. Worth, Texas • Baylor University Medical Center, Dallas, Texas • Dermpath Diagnostics, Addison, Texas • Harris Methodist Hospital, Fort Worth, Texas • Hillcrest HealthCare System, Tulsa, Oklahoma • Huntsville Memorial Hospital, Huntsville, Texas • IntraOp Medical, San Jose, California • Johnson & Johnson, Cleveland, Ohio • Knapp Medical Center, Weslaco, Texas • LifeCell Corporation, Branchburn, New Jersey • Lovelace Health System, Albuquerque, New Mexico • Medical Center of McKinney, McKinney, Texas • OraMetrix, Inc., Richardson, Texas • Pfizer, Inc. Animal Health Division, New York, New York • Presbyterian Hospital of Plano, Plano, Texas • Richardson Regional Medical Center, Richardson, Texas • Texas Health Resources, Arlington, Texas • United Regional Health System, Wichita Falls, Texas • The Heart Hospital at Baylor Plano, Plano, Texas • McAfee, Inc., Plano, Texas • NEC America, Irving, Texas • Nortel Wireless Networks, Richardson, Texas • NXP Semiconductors, Gratkorn, Austria • Rockwell Collins, Cedar Rapids, Iowa • Texas Instruments, Dallas, Texas • Tyler Technologies, Dallas, Texas • City of University Park, University Park, Texas • The Town of Highland Park, Highland Park, Texas • Boy Scouts Circle 10 Council, Irving, Texas • Association for Healthcare Foodservice, Louisville, Kentucky • National Air Transportation Association, Washington, D.C. • National Business Aviation Association, Alexandria, Virginia • Benihana, Miami, Florida • Buffet Partners, LP, Plano, Texas • Donatos Pizza, Columbus, Ohio • Grandy's, Lewisville, Texas • Mission Burrito, Houston, Texas • Pizza Inn, The Colony, Texas • Rave Motion Pictures, Dallas, Texas • Redstone Golf Management, Humble, Texas • The Houstonian Club & Spa, Houston, Texas • Medieval Times, Dallas, Texas • Garland Power & Light, Garland, Texas • Oncor, Dallas, Texas

Previously known as Affiliate Window but now officially referred to as “AWIN” after acquiring Zanox a few years ago, this network claims to work with over 13,000 active advertisers and 100,000 publishers (affiliates). Founded in Germany, AWIN’s merchants primarily hail from Europe (especially Great Britain) although the U.S. network is growing rapidly. AWIN is currently active in 11 countries.


Although it has a dynamic and well-designed website, PeerFly has a limited range of offers at any given time (around 8,000). On the upside, it does offer good commission/payout rates, lots of FAQs and educational information, and regular contests and reward programs that can substantially increase your bottom line. Based on online customer reviews, Peerfly enjoys a very high reputation amongst participating affiliates.
I relay the story of Dan Henry because it exemplifies the power of this thing called the internet that binds us all. And while Henry has succeeded on a massive scale, so many others have hit roadblocks, stumbled, fallen and failed. The large rate of failure helps to mystify and obfuscate this world of affiliate marketing because so many are trying to penetrate this market but so few are able to succeed on a large scale.
Vitamin World is based in the U.S., but they source the most unique ingredients from all over the world, which is a process they are very picky about. Once satisfied with the source of the ingredients, Vitamin World ensures that they are meticulously cultivated. Then, these treasures are brought to world class manufacturing facilities, to create and produce premium supplements. This is how they are able to guarantee that every product is rigorously tested, and meets their sky-high expectations.
Let’s say you have a promotions page where you’re promoting a product via affiliate links. If you currently get 5,000 visits/month at a 2% conversion rate, you have 100 referrals. To get to 200 referrals, you can either focus on getting 5,000 more visitors, or simply increasing the conversion rate to 4%. Which sounds easier? Instead of spending months on blogging, SEO, and social media marketing to get more traffic, you just have to increase the conversion rate by 2%. This can include landing page optimization, testing your calls-to-action, and having a conversion rate optimization strategy in place. By testing and optimizing your site, you’ll get far better results with much less effort. 
Bookmarking this one so I can read more of your articles. You have given the best and most up-to-date information I have seen in a long time. Keep up the good work!! I know Amazon associates are looking for alternatives to Amazon since they have changed their fee schedule and have gone nuts with closing down associate sites,so I will pass this site on to those leaving Amazon, or simply are looking for alternatives.
Although he had tried countless times in the past, he had failed to quit. But this time was different. His frame-of-mind had changed. And something inside of him clicked when he realized he could use electronic cigarettes to actually ween himself off the "real thing." He implemented a system where he used a low-quality gas station brand, and went from strong to medium then mild over a multi-week period.
Sometimes, individual entrepreneurs with great products are worth a look, although you should check them out first and do some research. Entrepreneurs or companies may run their own affiliate program and you can apply directly to them to promote their products and services. Finally, Amazon is always an option as you can be an affiliate for just about any type of physical product on their network.
Although he had tried countless times in the past, he had failed to quit. But this time was different. His frame-of-mind had changed. And something inside of him clicked when he realized he could use electronic cigarettes to actually ween himself off the "real thing." He implemented a system where he used a low-quality gas station brand, and went from strong to medium then mild over a multi-week period.
“In our 13 years of market analysis and branch network forecasting with Weber Marketing, we’ve learned that making data-driven market decisions and growth forecast planning, combined with understanding our target member’s preferences and behaviors, has led us to make more intelligent and far more accurate real estate network decisions that have helped increase Logix’s bottom line performance and deliver rich and distinctive member brand experiences.”
LinkConnector has struggled to stand out from the pack but nonetheless has managed to sign some exclusive deals with big name brands, including Writer’s Digest, the Disney Store, Ironman, Hats.com, and Everly. Their strictly controlled screening process for both merchants/advertisers and affiliates/publishers means that you can always rely on the quality of products on offer.

Calling all fashion bloggers. Reward Style is connected with a broad reach of fashion brands and retailers. The site offers an invitation-only monetization platform for top-tier digital style influencers and brands. Thousands of fashion bloggers and influencers are using Reward Style to maximise the financial success of their content, whether it’s on blogs, social media or mobile platforms.


Don’t exhaust all the information about the product with your link. Offer enough information to your readers so they know what the link is, but I don’t recommend giving too much detail on your own site for a two reasons. First, product information, like price, often changes. If you mention the price on your site and someone clicks over and finds a different price, it’s confusing. Second, many times, the product details and features are better explained by the makers of the product. It’s best to stick to your own experience on your site.
The fact is though that I truly love staying awake at staff meetings. Everyone talks and laughs and they’re always excited. That surprises me a little because it’s not like anyone has thrown a ball to play fetch or anything. But I guess what gets my pack of peoples’ tails wagging is their work and their clients. I don’t know what a website or a blog is, but I do know that my pack must be good at them because they’ve earned all sorts of awards for these and other things. My bed had to be moved because the framed certificates were taking up so much room. Despite the inconvenience, I’m proud of these awards!
I relay the story of Dan Henry because it exemplifies the power of this thing called the internet that binds us all. And while Henry has succeeded on a massive scale, so many others have hit roadblocks, stumbled, fallen and failed. The large rate of failure helps to mystify and obfuscate this world of affiliate marketing because so many are trying to penetrate this market but so few are able to succeed on a large scale.
The sexy cut, fashionable design, and exceptional Italian craftsmanship struck a chord with a sophisticated clientele, and the first collection enjoyed immediate success. With a goal of creating a global luxury business, Jimmy Choo attracted outside investment and the company embarked on a significant expansion across product categories, channels and geographies.
The New Balance Affiliate Program allows approved websites to link to New Balance.com and begin earning commissions on click-thru sales. New Balance handles order fulfilment and customer service for all transactions resulting from referred clicks – you simply send us the purchasing traffic! By linking to New Balance.com, you will have access to the internet’s largest available inventory of New Balance sports & fitness products for men, women and kids.
To do this, you need to offer something in return. Use email providers like InfusionSoft, MailChimp, ConvertKit, Aweber, or any number of others, to shoot out the email to a survey. You can use Survey Monkey to build your survey, but you have to give them something in return. Will you give them a free cheatsheet? Maybe a downloadable how-to ebook? Determine the best thing to offer and be sure to get clear on what they need to do and what you'll give them in exchange.
Because 2Checkout exclusively sells software and digital products, it is best suited for established influencers whose target audience is interested in buying products in this niche. But while you won’t find any physical products for sale, 2Checkout is probably the market leader in selling software of every type, including very specific use case items (like software that can convert Microsoft Word documents to PDF, for instance).
The Six Figure Mentors have a tiered membership training program that takes you from totoal digital newbie to empowered online entrepreneur. They offer various training packages that cater to different stages of your personal/professional development. Pricing starts from $197 for the basic membership package but goes all the way up to $20,000 for the top level training they offer.
Hi, Jamie! Very good list. I needed something like this for 2018 so that I know what to target in the future blogs I create. As for now, I’m comfortable using SiteGround affiliate network and it’s pretty good actually. Their hosting service is pretty much the best considered its price. I’ve tried others but SiteGround stands out. I’ll also try new affiliate networks, something from the list you have just provided. I think Amazon is too saturated at the moment, and I need a better network. 2018 will be interesting indeed.
The General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), which took effect on May 25, 2018, is a set of regulations governing the use of personal data across the EU. This is forcing some affiliates to obtain user data through opt-in consent (updated privacy policies and cookie notices), even if they are not located in the European Union. This new regulation should also remind you to follow FTC guidelines and clearly disclose that you receive affiliate commissions from your recommendations. 
Hi Jamie! Thank you for the great information. I just learned about affiliate marketing last week. The source however, is an older couple who work for World Wide Dreams Builders (WWDB). So, basically Amway. After researching a bit. I have no interest in WWDB and. (It sounds like years of recruiting people with minimal payout) Though, I am highly intrigued by e-commerce and affiliate marketing. Before your post the company I recognized was Amazon. Can you please tell me if that will be the best 1st step. I am currently an unemployed student Veteran. So plan to fully emerge into this business regime and would greatly appreciate your advice on this!!!
Every time I've purchased data from US Marketing Group I've always got a great product and a very reasonable price in a timely manner. I have several friends that own mortgage companies in the Beverly Hills/Century City area and they all purchase their data from USMG. I've never had a problem with returns and always got what Ive asked for. I recommend them to everyone in the industry.
Developing and monetizing microsites can also garner a serious amount of sales. These sites are advertised within a partner site or on the sponsored listings of a search engine. They are distinct and separate from the organization’s main site. By offering more focused, relevant content to a specific audience, microsites lead to increased conversions due to their simple and straightforward call to action.
×